Treatment of pigment patches
Skin pigmentation changes are:

congenital skin pigment cell disorders such as lentigos and cafe au lait
patches and liver spots
colour changes caused by the sun
Excess pigmetry is especially found in sunlight areas: the face, neck and decolletment area, as well as the handker back.

A common problem in women is liver spots, which are influenced by genome, sun and hormones. Mechanical irritation can also cause darkening of the skin. On the side of the neck, brown-red skin darkening (Civatten poikiloderma), influenced by cosmetic products and the sun, occurs in women. Darkening of the skin can also be caused by laser massage.

Liver spots (Melasma) are predominantly only changes in skin pigmentation in women. Liver spots usually appear in the face in dark spots in women and most often in the summer months at the height of the amount of sunlight. The most common places are the forehead, cheekbones, upper lip, nose and jaw.

The main risk factors are exposure to sunlight and female hormones. Often, liver spots appear during pregnancy or after starting e-pills. Skin melanocytes produce too much pigmentation, causing a disco color change. Liver spots can be treated, but the success of treatment requires accurate sunscreen from early spring onwards.

Superficial pigmentation changes can be treated with a color laser or skin peeling procedures.

Laser treatment is the most effective treatment for pigmentation changes.

Method of treatment

After two energys, i.e. light impulse and radio frequency, it is affected by pigmentation, it heats up and the pigment breaks down. Skin pigmentation changes begin to darken immediately after treatment and the skin may be slightly red. There may be some swelling in the treated area. These symptoms usually last from a few hours to one day. Braiding can be covered with makeup if desired. Darkened spots flake and disappear a few weeks after the procedure.

Before treatment

no skin tanning products can be used for two weeks and treatment is not given to heavily tanned skin. Treatment is not given in patients with pacemakers or defibrillators, including during pregnancy or breast-feeding.

After treatment

It is important to protect the skin from the sun well during and after the healing process, to avoid further pigmentation changes.

After treatment, it is good to peel the area and renew it so that the broken pigment can rise as quickly as possible to the surface of the skin and peel away.